Glossary

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NCI

The National Cancer Institute is "the federal government's principal agency for cancer research and training. . . . [It] is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), one of 11 agencies that make up the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)." (National Cancer Institute. Accessed May 9, 2018). 

Negligence

"A failure to behave with the level of care that someone of ordinary prudence would have exercised under the same circumstances. The behavior usually consists of actions, but can also consist of omissions when there is some duty to act." (Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Accessed May 9, 2018)

Newborn Screening

A public health screening process for newborns to identify "conditions that can affect a child’s long-term health or survival. . . . Each year, millions of babies in the US are routinely screened, using a few drops of blood from the newborn’s heel, for certain genetic, endocrine, and metabolic disorders, and are also tested for hearing loss and critical congenital heart defects prior to discharge from a hospital or birthing center." (Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAccessed May 9, 2018)

NHGRI

The National Human Genome Research Institute is part of the National Institutes for Health. It "was established in 1989 to carry out the role of the NIH in the International Human Genome Project (HGP), and now conducts and funds genetic and genomic research." (National Human Genome Research InstituteAccessed May 9, 2018)

NIH

"The National Institutes of Health, which is made up of 27 different institutes and centers, including the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) and National Cancer Institute (NCI)." (National Institutes of HealthAccessed May 9, 2018)